The Ministry of Labor and Social Protections implements three (3) Cash Transfer programmes as part of the overall Social Protection intervention through non – contributory social assistance for the most vulnerable citizens as envisaged in article 43 (3) and obligated under article 21(3) of the Constitution of Kenya. Cash transfers are flagship projects under the Social Pillar of the Kenya Vision 2030 and the Kenya Kwanza manifesto administered as a social welfare package to vulnerable citizens. Among these include transfers to the elderly, persons with severe disability and orphaned and vulnerable children, as well as populations experiencing drought and famine. These non-contributory cash transfers are expected to be regular and paid every two months.
The three (3) Cash Transfer Programmes under the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection are;
- Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC);
- Older Persons Cash Transfer (OPCT) Programme;
- Persons with Severe Disabilities (PWSD) Cash Transfer Programme.
These programmes commonly are commonly referred to as Inua Jamii are aimed at provision of social protection system through regular and predictable cash transfers to poor and vulnerable households taking care of OVC, older persons and PWSDs with the aim of building their capacity to be able to live a life of dignity and exploit their human potential.” Cash transfers have, shown significant impact on benefiting households. Key of among these being:
- Enhanced household purchasing power;
- Increase in Savings and Investments leading to ownership of assets;
- Reduction in poverty levels among the beneficiary households;
- Better investments for the future e.g. in education, child nutrition and production sector;
- Improved enrollment, retention and transition of children in school;
- Increased food expenditure and dietary diversity;
- Improved health conditions
Local economy becomes vibrant during payment days. (multiplier effect